b) Autonomic neuropathy affects the nerves which support the heart and blood vessels, the urinary tract, the lungs and eyes, the sex organs, the sweat glands and the digestive system. Autonomic neuropathy can also be responsible for hypoglycemia unawareness whereby a person no longer experience the warning symptoms of low blood sugar levels. Symptoms of toenail fungus, which can be caused by several types of fungi, include swelling, yellowing, thickening or crumbling of the nail, streaks or spots down the side of the nail, and even complete loss of the nail. Toenail color can vary from brown or yellow to white with this condition. Scientists theorise that some 3 1/2 billion years ago, the appearance of tiny organisms with the ability to convert sunlight, warmth, water and minerals into protein, carbohydrates, vitamins and amino acids marked the beginning of life. These tiny organisms are p hytoplankton, the single-cell plants that are the basis of all other life forms on planet earth. They are the 'vegetation' of the ocean. And not only do they provide important nutrition for humans, but p hytoplanktons are responsible for m ak ing up to 90% of Earth's oxygen. Exhale on exertion when you are doing your exercise. If possible have an expert instruct you with the proper breathing techniques. Even though the feet are a body part and not an organ, diabetic foot problems are extremely common. Diabetes is the leading cause of non-traumatic amputation in United States. Diabetes can affect the circulation to the feet and the nerve endings in the feet. If the vessels supplying blood to the lower extremities and the feet are damaged, less blood reaches the feet. If a blood vessel becomes completely blocked this can result in a condition called gangrene where the tissue dies from a lack of blood flow. If the nerves in the feet are damaged an individual may experience numbness, tingling, or burning in the feet. There can be numerous medical conditions. One can suffer with the foot injury, ankle related problems also. Whatever the problem is they should consult the podiatrist in an immediate basis. The foot problems should be treated with the proper care and attention. The columbus foot surgeon offers the complete care for the patients under a healthy atmosphere where the patients can feel free to share their problems. It is said that the physicians should have the patients during the time of the treatment. To promote good circulation to the lower limbs when seated, prop up your feet and avoid standing in 1 position for long periods of time. Exercise is good for most people, but is particularly important for those with diabetes. It will help improve your HDL, or "good," cholesterol level and can also help to lower your blood pressure. Physical activity will improve blood flood in your legs and feet. Choose an exercise you enjoy so you will be more inclined to continue with it. The American Heart Association notes that regular exercise can not only improve circulation, but may reduce a need for medication in some people who have type 2 diabetes. Aerobic Activity Insulin is normally injected under the skin with a very small needle. It can also be injected with an Insulin pen. The medical term used to describe burning feet sensation is Grierson-Gopalan syndrome. When the burning sensation turns severe, it starts stinging on the feet. It gives rise to reddening and excessive swelling of the feet, and also painful feet. These symptoms are felt on the sole area of the feet, but in some rare cases it may get extended to the ankles and the calves as well. Though it occurs commonly in people who are above the age of 50, it may also be found in many women in the age group of 25 to 45. Diabetic feet ulcer is the second step about numbness, and is very complicated too. Ulcer is when the blood that supply your feet is not the necessary, later your defenses considerably low and infection grows. If your wound is left to fester, gangrene will set in. At the end, doctor will have to amputee your leg. Aerobic gram-positive cocci (especially Staphylococcus aureus ) are the predominant pathogens in diabetic foot infections. Patients who have chronic wounds or who have recently received antibiotic therapy may also be infected with gram-negative rods, and those with foot ischemia or gangrene may have obligate anaerobic pathogens. Sweaty feet is a common problem that is not generally discussed out of awkwardness. Though the excessive foot sweating is not a severe problem that can lead some fatal diseases to your feet, but it may cause some hygienic irritation and can lead to foot infection as well. Generally, sweating denotes a general functioning of our body to regulate body temperature. read more Tightly controlling blood glucose is of the utmost importance during the treatment of a diabetic foot ulcer. Working closely with a medical doctor or endocrinologist to accomplish this will enhance healing and reduce the risk of complications. Surgical Options There are serious complications that may result from having diabetes and these embrace; blindness, kidney disease and heart attack. Diabetes management is very crucial to create bound that these sorts of complications don't happen. When individuals have had a diagnosis of diabetes, they usually have high levels of tension because of what they need heard some of the intense stories of people with diabetes complications. read more Using strict sterile precautions, the surgical site was inspected the first post-operative day. Once the drainage was less than 5 ml, the indwelling drain was removed. Mobilization with a walker with total offloading of the left leg was then advised. Diseased small blood vessels in the back of the eye cause the leakage of protein and blood in the retina. Disease in these blood vessels also causes the formation of small aneurysms (microaneurysms), and new but brittle blood vessels (neovascularization). Spontaneous bleeding from the new and brittle blood vessels can lead to retinal scarring and retinal detachment, thus impairing vision. A study in the Boston Associated Press to this affect raises the possibility that when diabetes runs in families, parents may be able to protect their children by eliminating dairy products during the formative first nine months or so after birth.